What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue fever is caused by Dengue Virus. It spreads though the bite of aedes mosquitoes. It is estimated that there are 100 million dengue cases worldwide annually.

Signs and Symptoms

Patients will experience following the signs and symptoms after 5 – 6 days following a mosquito bite.

  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Spinal pain
  • Joint pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sore eyes
  • Rashes

What will happen if treatment is not taken?

Dengue fever consists of Common Dengue Fever or Hemorrhagic Dengue Fever that can be fatal.

Hemorrhagic Dengue Fever have the signs above and also bleeding like :-

  • Easily bruised
  • Bleeding under the skin, nose or gum
  • It could be followed with bleeding throughout the body which can be fatal

What must be done to prevent Dengue Fever?

There are various ways to prevent Dengue Fever:


1.    Ensure that there are no mosquito breeding grounds

  •  Discard containers that can hold water
  • Ensure that water tanks, rainwater catchment containers are covered with lids
  • Ensure that flowerpots and water catchment containers are drained at least once a week
  • Ensure that roof gutters are constantly flowing
  • Keep fish in fishponds to reduce mosquito larvae.

2.    Use bug spray to kill mosquitoes.


3.    Take steps to protect yourself to avoid mosquito bites like :

  • Ensuring that doors and window are constantly closed
  • Apply anti-mosquito cream on skin exposed to mosquitoes.
  • Wear brightly coloured clothing with long sleeves and pants while outdoors
  • Use mosquito coils and electric mosquito repellent in enclosed areas.